The government provides universal healthcare to its citizens, although there is a long wait for specialist care and advanced procedures in the public sector.
Since the mids, when the conflict started, there have been times of severe media censorship affecting the course of the war. Sincewhen a new government led by Chandrika Bandaranayake Kumaratunga took office promising to uphold an Election Manifesto that would assure fundamental freedoms—including freedom of the press—conditions improved markedly, although censorship restrictions were re-imposed in June London-based Amnesty International AIwhose representatives were specially invited to Sri Lanka in October by the country's Attorney General of Sri Lanka to investigate reports of a mass grave in Jaffna, has noted a marked improvement in the human rights situation in Sri Lanka as compared to the "widespread pattern of gross and systematic violations" of the pre period.
There is no room for Speech about my country sri lanka, however, as AI and other bodies like the Physicians for Human Rights have been concerned about the "apparent failure" of the Sri Lankan government to live up to its international commitment to human rights and its failure to bring the perpetrators of past human rights violations to justice.
Historical Traditions The ethnic Sinhala form the overwhelming majority 69 percent of Sri Lanka's population, which traces its origin to the migration of an Indo-Aryan group from North India in the sixth century B.
In the fourth century B. After Buddhism split into Mahayana and Theravada sects in India, the Sinhalese adhered to Theravada, which is the faith that endures to this day among the Sinhalese majority.
As Buddhism disappeared from most of India, it remained strong in Sri Lanka, where the adherents of that faith from mainland southeast Asia particularly from Pegu in lower Myanmar turned for continued guidance.
Today, Sri Lanka boasts more than 6, Buddhist temples, some of them more than 1, years old including the famous Daladwa Maligawa, which houses the Buddha's Tooth; approximately 55, monks live in Sri Lanka as well.
And although the country's constitution proclaims secularism, the government continues to Theravada Buddhism the premier role as Sri Lanka's national religion. The second most populous ethnic community in Sri Lanka is the Tamils, who trace their ancestry to the influx from Tamilnadu during the British colonial times as plantation laborers.
There are other Tamils who trace their ancestry to groups of Dravidians from South India, who invaded the northern and eastern parts of the island, possibly from the eleventh century A.
In the colonial era, the southern coastal areas first came under Portuguese control in the beginning of the sixteenth century, a situation that remained in place for a century and a half. Most of the Catholics who live in Sri Lanka trace their ancestry to those who were converted to that faith by the Portuguese.
In the Dutch took over from the Portuguese and maintained colonial control until At that time, Great Britain realized the strategic importance of the island for the growing British empire and made Sri Lanka or Ceylon, as it was known then another piece of the still-expanding British dominion.
Britain formalized its possession at the Congress of Vienna in The British administered Sri Lanka separately from their Indian Empire, relinquishing control over the island nation inone year after they left the Indian subcontinent.
Conflict Between the Sinhalese and the Tamils The government's relationship with the press in Sri Lanka at various points in the last half a century can be best understood by following the chronological landmarks in the conflict between the island nation's two principal communities: Since independence, and especially since aboutSri Lanka's politics have been rocked by a festering, often violent, conflict between those two communities.
The conflict has compelled the government to impose a variety of restrictions on constitutionally guaranteed fundamental freedoms, including freedom of the press. At various times, censorship has been imposed on newspapers as well as on the electronic media; journalists have been physically assaulted, a few even killed; and there have been court confrontations between the journalists and the government.
For Tamils, most of whose ancestors who were brought to the country in the nineteenth century by the British to work on the tea estates in the central highlands, the amendment to the Parliamentary Elections Order in Council in eliminating their franchise rights came as a shock.
Before independence, many Tamils had played an important role in the government, largely because of their proficiency in English. The Tamils felt further alienated when Prime Minister S. Bandaranaike was elected in on a platform that promised to make Sinhalese the country's only official language.
When he took office, the Official Language Act made the campaign promise a reality. In and inSri Lanka and India agreed to extend citizenship to some of the Tamils;sapproximatelyobtained Sri Lankan citizenship at that time, while approximatelychose Indian citizenship.
Of the latter, about 85, who accepted the Indian offer but still decided to stay in Sri Lanka became "stateless," without a passport or any official identification; these people were often subject to harassment by the security forces.
They could not own land and had no right to vote. Subsequently, as the U. State Department Report on Human Rights for observed, "the struggle for cultural affirmation, political representation, economic advancement and linguistic parity between Sinhalese and Tamils ended in violence and armed conflict.
The demand by some Tamil groups for an independent Tamil state called 'Eelam' became the overriding political issue in Sri Lanka. This was followed by scores of murders of police officers, politicians, and bureaucrats.
The government made some efforts to meet the Tamil demands. For example, the Constitution of recognized Tamil as a "national language" for public administration and the courts, but the Tamils remained dissatisfied because their language was still not recognized for university admissions or public office.
Also, the government promised to establish regional councils with substantial autonomy, but such councils failed to materialize. Bythe conflict assumed ominous proportions with a phenomenal increase in killings on both sides.
Over the next two years, nearlyTamils fled to South India, where the Tamilnadu government housed them in camps. India's mediation in the dispute marked the next several years.The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (ශ්රී ලංකා in Sinhala, இலங்கை in Tamil) is a tropical island nation off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent.
The capital of the country is Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte . Full Transcript: Amb. Nikki Haley: Thank you so much. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you so much. You guys are amazing. Thank you so much.
It’s so good to see so many friends and I’m honored to be able to say that when I come to AIPAC I am with friends. This page has hundreds of topics for informative speeches and essays, and we are continually updating our list.
If you’re stumped for ideas, use this list of informative topics as a starting point to find a subject that interests you enough to speak or write about. Jun 01, · Shenali D Waduge. When out of 19 members selected by the Prime Minister only two (Kushan de Alwis & M K Nadeeka Damayanthi opposes the .
My Country Is Sri Lanka My Country Is Sri Lanka The name of my country is Sri Lanka. Its capital is Sri Jayewardenepura kotte. .
Freedom of speech is the concept of the inherent human right to voice one's opinion publicly without fear of censorship or punishment. "Speech" is not limited to public speaking and is generally taken to include other forms of expression.
The right is preserved in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and is granted formal recognition by the laws of most nations.