For this with an ineffable sense of gratitude I take this opportunity to express my deep sense of indebtedness to Respected Dr.
Two-thirds of the land is harsh — rocky, ill-drained, swept by rain-bearing winds off the Atlantic and far from the Mediterranean and medieval centres of European trade and culture. The first Scottish communities away from home were founded by traders.
In the 17th century a new factor was driving Scots away from their homes. Schools in Lowland parishes producing a literate population resulted in five universities in a country of under a million people. This created a highly educated middle class.
In an underdeveloped Scottish economy, however, there was a shortage of middle-class jobs and this caused many Scots to leave for the likes of England, to several of the Baltic States and to North America.
The 19th century presented new opportunities in new destinations. Scots went to Africa as missionaries, explorers and traders. In the Far East traders conducted business in the ports of China and Japan and missionaries followed suit.
For the impoverished Scot, however, Australia and New Zealand were the lands of opportunity. Emigration was perceived by trade unions and other voluntary groups as a practical solution to unemployment and economic depression.
The height of emigration corresponded with years of harsh economic depression, particularly in the late s and early s, the mids, and the period of to Extreme emigration in the period — counterbalanced the increase in population due to new births.
This trend ended in the s when the world trade depression saw emigrants returning home; the numbers leaving Scotland in the s were at their lowest for a century. Until abouta number of the emigrants from the Highlands were forced to leave the land because of evictions.
The eviction of Highlanders from their homes peaked in the s and early s as the Highland economy had collapsed, while the population still rose. When the earnings from kelp production and black cattle dried up, the landlords saw sheep as a more profitable alternative. Combined with the prospect of starvation faced by much of the crofting population when the potato crop failed in the late s and again in the late s, emigration seemed the only option.
The poorest Highlanders were evicted but crofters who were capable of paying rent were retained. The main exodus occurred in the islands, particularly Skye, Mull, the Long Island and the mainland parishes of the Inner Sound.
Aftermass evictions were unusual and emigration became more a matter of choice than compulsion.
Between and the decline in the Highland population was actually less than in the rural Lowlands. However, the social status of emigrants underwent a significant transformation: The decline in population was mostly due to a permanent migration south, although a significant number left for North America.
Those affected by the evictions of the s and s generally refused to move to Lowland Scotland. They opted to settle in places such as Ontario and Nova Scotia New Scotland in Canada where they could work on the land and continue their style of life.
Many Scottish emigrants also moved to England, particularly after the s. In the period —, aroundScots moved to various parts of Britain compared with over two million who emigrated abroad.Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two. Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs..
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1 nation electronics llc communications inc ontario inc 11/30 elo touchsystems inc ontario ltd canada inc th air refueling wing. Biscuit is a kind of crisp, dry bread product that, if leavened, is usually made with a chemical leavener. The exact meaning varies markedly in different parts of the world.
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The origin of the word "biscuit" is from Latin via Middle French and means "cooked twice," hence biscotti in Medieval Italian. Note: there are 45 articles written by Mike Chrimes, Librarian of the Institution of Civil Engineers in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: the majority relate to key civil engineers associated with the railway industry..
Steamindex home page. Andrews, George Townsend. Read this essay on Comparsion Between Britannia & Parle. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays.
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