Place where new citizens of London, the one-time capital of Britain, are produced. It has four thousand rooms. Life begins in the Fertilizing Room, after which cloned embryos are implanted in artificial wombs in the Bottling Room.
In terms of the Euro-American tradition, the main periods are captured in the bipartite division, Modernist literature and Postmodern literatureflowering from roughly to and to  respectively, divided, as a rule of thumb, by World War II. The somewhat malleable term of contemporary literature is usually applied with a post cutoff point.
Although these terms modern, contemporary and postmodern are most applicable to Western literary history, the rise of the globalization has allowed European literary ideas to spread into non-Western cultures fairly rapidly, so that Asian and African literatures can be included into these divisions with only minor qualifications.
And in some ways, such as in Postcolonial literaturewriters from non-Western cultures were on the forefront of literary development. Technological advances during the 20th century allowed cheaper production of books, resulting in a significant rise in production of popular literature and trivial literaturecomparable to the similar developments in music.
The division of "popular literature" and "high literature" in the 20th century is by no means absolute, and various genres such as detectives or science fiction fluctuate between the two.
Largely ignored by mainstream literary criticism for the most of the century, these genres developed their own establishments and critical awards; these include the Nebula Award sincethe British Fantasy Award since or the Mythopoeic Awards since Towards the end of the 20th century, electronic literature developed due to the development of hypertext and later the world wide web.
The Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded annually throughout the century with the exception of, and —the first laureate being Sully Prudhomme.
The Lord of the Rings was also voted "book of the century" in various surveys.Brave New World (). Aldous Huxley's Brave New World was one of the most influential novels concerning the negative ramifications of genetic and social engineering through government control.
It juxtaposes two worlds: the traditional world of John the "Savage" and the futuristic dystopia ("negative utopia") of reproductive technology and sexual freedom.
With Laura at his bedside, Aldous Huxley died on November 22, , at the age of 69, having written more than 50 books, including one of the most significant of the 20th century, as well as Born: Jul 26, Brave New World belongs to the genre of utopian literature.
A utopia is an imaginary society organized to create ideal conditions for human beings, eliminating hatred, pain, neglect, and all of the other evils of the world. 12 Novels Considered the “Greatest Book Ever Written” and Brontë now receives the credit she deserves for one of the most-groundbreaking novels about women in history.
9 Countercultural BooksA new canon: The revolutionary literature of 20th-century counterculture. As the chapter begins, the Director of the Centre (the D.H.C.) conducts a group of new students, as well as the reader, on a tour of the facility and its operations — a biological version of the assembly line, with test-tube births as the product.
When looking for “the most famous dystopian novels” on Google, two that are immediately suggested are Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and by George Orwell. Both have one thing in common: their rather negative and, for us, rather unusual attitude towards love, relationships and sex.