This page intentionally left blank. Acknowledgments Many of these chapters began as reviews, lectures, talks, or articles over the years sincewhen I finished my first book. I am grateful to everyone who gave me the opportunities to test these ideas in speech and writing. Portions of chapters two and three will appear in a collection of essays on post—World War II American culture, edited by Josephine Hendin and published by Blackwell.
Korean 74, Imported Total admissions: They are listed in the order of their release.
Once Upon a Time in High School: Spirit of Jeet Kune Do Non-Koreans who watch a lot of Korean cinema are likely to have been surprised at one time or another at the depictions of violence in Korean schools.
From Beat and Whispering Corridors to Friend and Bungee Jumping of Their Own, we have seen teachers beating students sometimes with sticks or batsstudents beating other students, parents bursting into classrooms and beating teachers Once Upon a Time in High School takes us back to these days when Korean society had reached the height of its authoritarianism and the country was rapidly modernizing.
The film focuses on three main characters: When Hyun-soo transfers in as a new student he becomes friends with Woo-sik, and later the two of them meet Eun-ju on the bus.
Initially the fights and troubles around them cause the three to become quite close, but as time goes by, divisions flare up and they begin facing their battles alone.
In some ways though, violence itself takes the lead role in this film.
The teachers themselves barely make a show of keeping control, while wayward students with nicknames like "Stabber" or "Hamburger" fight with whatever sharp or blunt objects happen to be at hand. Korean film critics, perhaps thinking back to their own experiences at high school, gave the film a warm welcome at its first press screening.
Audience members also responded with strong initial interest, although viewers seemed divided after actually seeing the film for the record, my wife hated it and my brother-in-law thought it was fantastic. As an outsider who went to a high school where students got into fights, but generally stopped short of stabbing each other with pens, I found myself with mixed feelings about this movie.
But I do have some trouble with the way the film seems to view the violence with equal parts awe and admiration, particularly towards the end. Yet, somehow Kim was able to procure the backing to debut as director and writer with this mountain-climbing extravaganza, making her the first Korean woman to take the helm of such a venture.
In the beginning, the development of the relationship each man had with Kyung-min receives equal representation along with the spectacular vistas of the treacherous hike up the snowy mountain.
The visual enjoyment in the first half of this film is well executed by cinematographer Yoon Hong-sik Tube, The Way Home and for the most part the realism of the special effects affect as intended.
Instead, Kim has utilized the mountain to conjure up an interesting exploration of why it is we take risks, why it is we put ourselves in danger: As in a relationship, more than one person risks getting hurt since climbing partners are connected through rope.
One slip on your part and your partner can fall with you. Perhaps the problem really lies in the English translation, but the initiation ritual of the relationship suffers from a too-cutesy-ness to which melodramas are vulnerable to fall prey.
It appears that the film did not work for Korean audiences because it performed poorly at the box office. Some may question whether Ice Rain should qualify as a "blockbuster.
The size of the eventual box office take is after the fact and qualifies the already established blockbuster as a success or failure. Since Ice Rain announces itself as a blockbuster and I assume the budget was considerable, it meets those two factors.
Regardless of its blockbuster legitimacy, considering that Kim Ha-neul was coming off of the sassy-fied success of My Tutor Friend the year before and that one of the most popular outdoor activities in South Korea is hiking the mountains of regions such as Kangwon-do, we must concede that Ice Rain performed below expectations at the box office.
The answer for Italian American culture then is to find ways of transmitting their culture through American educational and cultural institutions, and for this to happen, Italian American intellectuals must work both inside and outside Italian American communities.
Italian Americans (Italian: italoamericani or italo-americani [webkandii.comˈkaːni]) are an ethnic group consisting of Americans who have ancestry from webkandii.comn Americans are the seventh largest Census-reported ethnic group in the United States (which includes American ethnicity, an ethnonym used by many in the United States; overall, Italian .
The Americas sizes a stunning array of scholarship on Italian-American literature, film, art, music, religion, social history, and folkways (xi). Korean movie reviews from , including Once Upon a Time in High School, Tae Guk Gi, The Big Swindle, Arahan, Woman is the Future of Man, Low Life, Windstruck, Someone Special, R-Point, Spider Forest, Springtime, 3-Iron, Some, and more.
Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied.